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Travel Guide to Sharm Elsheikh

  • Egypt
  • Cairo
  • 465.4 km²
  • January -4°C (24°F); July 21.7°C (71°F)
  • 2 pm Cairo time = noon Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)
  • Egyptian Pound
  • Arabic
  • 29.211 million
  • Always enjoyed my stay with Hilton Hotel and Resorts, top class room service and rooms have great outside views and luxury assessories. Thanks for great experience.

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    Jessica Brown
  • Always enjoyed my stay with Hilton Hotel and Resorts, top class room service and rooms have great outside views and luxury assessories. Thanks for great experience.

    author-image
    Lisa Kimberly
  • Always enjoyed my stay with Hilton Hotel and Resorts, top class room service and rooms have great outside views and luxury assessories. Thanks for great experience.

    author-image
    Simon

General Information About Cairo

The capital of Egypt and the largest city in Africa, the name means "the victorious city". It is located on both banks of the River Nile near the head of the river's delta in northern Egypt and has been settled for more than 6000 years, serving as the capital of numerous Egyptian civilizations. Cairo is known locally as "Misr", the Arabic name for Egypt, because of its centrality in Egyptian life
Because of the city's warm climate and numerous historical and cultural attractions, tourism plays an important role in its economy. Cairo receives goods shipped on the Nile at the river port, located at the northern end of the city. From Cairo, products are sent by road, railroad, and waterway to the Mediterranean ports of Alexandria and Port Said. The city is connected by train service to other major cities. Traffic congestion is a growing problem in Cairo, but it is the only city in the Middle East and Africa that has a subway.

Sports Played in Cairo

Egypt's main sport is football. People in Egypt gather around to watch various Egyptian clubs and the Egyptian national football team play almost on a daily basis. The most commonly known Egyptian clubs are El Ahly and El Zamalek of Cairo. For the Egyptian Premier League the main competition is split between these two teams making majority of Egyptians rooting for either team, calling themselves Ahlaweyeen or Zamalkaweyeen in the Egyptian own dialect of Arabic, leaving the minority rooting for the rest of the teams in the league. These two teams create the greatest football rivalry in Africa.

About Football in Cairo

Cairo Culture and History

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Culture

Cairo is a center of legitimate Arabic theater, although performances are subject to government censorship. Both ballet and modern dance are exceptionally popular in Cairo, whose ballet company (the Cairo Ballet) was founded in 1960 with help from the Soviet Union, which sent its own dance teachers to help train the members of the company. However with the expulsion of Soviet advisers from Egypt in 1972, the Russian presence at the ballet ended. The quality of the troupe is subsequently said to have declined, and in 1991 it was bolstered by the addition of dancers from Russia and Italy. Cairo is the film capital of the Arabic world, although its film industry has declined since its heyday in the 1940s and 1950s, thanks to strict censorship and economic factors. However, Cairo's residents are avid filmgoers and flock to both Egyptian and foreign movies. The Cairo Puppet Theater performs at the Ezbekiyya Gardens north of Ataba from October through May.

History

The first settlement in the region of present-day Cairo was al-Fustat, founded in A. D. 641 as a military encampment by the Arabic commander 'Amr ibn al-'As. Under the dynasties that ruled Egypt over the following centuries, the town grew into a major port city. In A. D. 969 Jawhar, the leader of an Islamic sect called the Fatimids, founded a new city near al-Fustat, initially naming it al-Mansuriyah (its name was later changed to al-Qahirah, or Cairo). When the Fatimids became the rulers of Egypt, founding a dynasty that lasted for two centuries, Cairo became their capital. When Saladin, a Sunni Muslim, defeated the Crusaders and founded the Ayyubid dynasty in the twelfth century, he retained Cairo as his capital, and it became the center of a vast empire. (Al-Fustat, however, was burned down as part of the "scorched earth" strategy that defeated the Crusaders.) In the thirteenth century, the Ayyubids were eclipsed by Turkish military conquerors known as the Mamluks, who ruled Egypt from A. D. 1260 to 1516. During the first hundred years of Mamluk rule, Cairo experienced its most illustrious period. Al-Azhar University, which had been founded in the tenth century, became the foremost center of learning in the Islamic world, and Cairo played a key role in the east-west spice trade. Most of its greatest buildings were constructed during this period.
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Landscape

The medieval landscape of the city of Cairo indicates the elemental forces that shaped the development of the city. The natural movement, formations, and the rhythm of the Nile have dictated the human relationship to the landscape. The scale of these natural and human forces has meant that it is not a static landscape, but a constant subject to subtle changes. Parts of the landscape of Cairo have been totally transformed, and this transformation can sometimes be detected in an archeological record. Over the past twenty years, the growth of planned and informal settlement in Old Cairo has rendered the ancient landscape unrecognizable. Many elements of the ancient landscape have been obscured and sometimes destroyed. Some evidences show how distinct the modern topography of Old Cairo is from the ancient landscapes that lies beneath it.

Cairo Nightlife

The exceptionally charming capital of Egypt, Cairo is a city you’ll never forget, whether you’re here on a spontaneous weekend getaway or a long-planned holiday. From busy mosques to forgotten monuments, world-famous operas to experimental new performances, wild dance clubs to lazy hookah lounges, Cairo has it all. Read on for our guide to the vivid nightlife of this 24-hour travel destination.

Popular Bars in Cairo

Sequoia

53 Abo El Feda Street, Cairo, Egypt, +20 227 350 014

Riverside

16 Montazah St, Cairo, Egypt, +20 121 280 1290

Johnny’s Pub

Le Pacha 1901, Saray El Gezirah St, Cairo, Egypt, +20 227 356 730

Pub 28

28 Shagarat el Dor St, Cairo, Egypt, +20 227 359 200

Famous Restaurants  in Cairo

Koshary Abou Tarek

16 Marouf, Qasr an Nile, Cairo, Egypt +20 100 105 9950

Kazaz

Bab Al Louq, Abdin, Cairo, Egypt +2 02 23960034

Maharaja Restaurant

1115 Corniche El Nil, DO, Cairo, Egypt +20 2 25777444

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5% Discount

Day Tour to Luxor from Sharm by Air 12/16/2020 - 12/31/9999

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Fly to Luxor for the day to see its most famous sights in one day. Visit Karnak Temple and Luxor Temple on the East bank and see the Valley of the Kings and Hatshepsut Temple on the West bank before a return to Sharm that evening
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Day Trip to Cairo from Sharm by Air 12/16/2020 - 12/31/9999

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Fly to Cairo and take in the Giza Pyramids and the Sphinx and then visit the Egypt Museum to see the world’s largest collection of Ancient Egyptian artifacts. Go shopping in Khan El Khalil, Cairo famous bazaar, before returning to Sharm El Sheikh.
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Enjoy an afternoon on a glass bottom boat, where you will be able to see the beautiful coral and fish that Sinai is famous for, all while comfortably above water.
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Fly from Sharm El Sheikh to Cairo to see different part of Egypt. Visit the Giza Pyramids and the Egyptian Museum. Also take in the beauty of Islamic Cairo and overlook the city from Saladin Citadel. Two days in Cairo will allow you to see the highlights of this historic city from every age

Petra Tour from Sharm by Cruise 12/16/2020 - 12/31/9999

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Drive from Sharm to Taba to sail across the Gulf of Aqaba on a ferry to Jordan, where we will take you to the incredible, rock-cut city of Petra. This is truly a site to behold. Petra is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the most impressive archeological sites you will ever see.
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Sharm El Sheikh City Tour 12/16/2020 - 12/31/9999

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Explore Sharm El Sheikh with our fantastic city tour in Sharm to visit the most attractive places in one day .. Mustafa mosque, The Old Market, Neama Bay, Soho Square and enjoy shoping around the city.
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Sharm Elsheikh Airport Transfer 12/16/2020 - 12/31/9999

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Relax on your landing or takeoff with our private airport transfer service. we provide our clients with comfort, safety and great quality services whether traveling for business or for pleasure. All our vehicles are modern and our drivers are proficient and very much prepared to give best driving experience .
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Snorkeling by Boat to Ras Mohamed 12/16/2020 - 12/31/9999

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Travel by boat to Ras Mohamed National Park at the very tip of Sinai. You will be able to enjoy some of the best snorkeling and diving locations in the world offering an unparalleled diversity of marine life and panoramic views of both Egypt and Saudi Arabia, while above water.
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Set out from Sharm El Sheikh to explore Sinai. First you will visit St. Catherine Monastery, the oldest working Christian monasteries in the world. Then drive to Nuweiba to see the beautiful Coloured Canyon before enjoying dinner and time to swim at the beach in Nuwieba.
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See Ancient Egypt’s most famous monuments in two days. Fly from Sharm to Cairo to visit Giza Pyramids and Sphinx at Giza and the Step Pyramid at Sakkara and then fly to Luxor to see Luxor Temple and Karnak the next day before flying back to Sharm.